placeholder for flash movie
Sabtu, 24 Juni 2017   Indonesia | Sunda
rss2
:: Main Menu Natural Resources
 
 Energy

In the energy sector, especially the electricity, there are many areas that until now has not been left out by electric lighting facilities, especially the areas South Garut. This is due to topographic conditions that are less possible can be reached by PLN (State Electricity Company). On the other hand, Garut Regency get sun radiation, which is relatively stable throughout the year with a slightly higher during the dry season, the average potential of solar radiation reaching illumination 4.82 kwh/m2 is an alternative electrical energy, especially in the area which is very difficult to reach by PLN electricity network.

Geothermal Energy
Geothermal energy creates less environmental pollution, is renewable and sustainable, avoids importing energy resources, benefits remote areas, adds to energy source diversity, creates less waste disposal and has a long life span.

Geothermal energy is produced by drilling a well into the ground where thermal activity is occuring. Once a well has been identified and a well head attached, the steam is separated from the water, the water is diverted through a turbine engine which turns a generator. Usually the water is injected back into the ground to resupply the geothermal source.

Indonesia land known as The Ring of Fire. More than 200 volcanoes located along the island Sumatra, Java, Bali and the eastern islands of Indonesia. In this network there is the potential for geothermal energy in the amount of overflow more than 20,000 MW. This amount is equivalent to six billion barrels of oil the earth, large enough to meet 10% of the national electricity demand years. Garut Regency has noted the potential of natural resources geothermal Darajat with "reserve" geothermal energy of 350 MW.


""

Garut Regency has the potential for geothermal energy is big enough that total is estimated to reach 1045 MW (Mwe). Geothermal energy sources can be used either directly or indirectly. As renewable energy, geothermal can be relied upon as a long-term supply. Adjacent to the power plant, this energy can be used for drying agricultural products, preservation of fisheries and tourism. Commercial utilization of the new direct to therapy and recreation, such as in Cipanas, while not directly for the use of power in the new developed area Darajat (350 MW). This of course makes the opportunities for development in the future.


 Potential Development of Geothermal Energy
No
Location
Install PLTP (Mwe)
 Potential Energy
Resources
Reserve
Total
Speculative
Hypothetic
Possible
Probable
Proven
1
Cilayu
-
100
-
-
-
-
100
2
Ciarinem
-
25
-
-
-
-
25
3
G. Papandayan
-
225
-
-
-
-
225
4
G. Guntur Masigit
-
-
 
70
-
-
70
5
Darajat
125
-
 
-
70
280
350
6
G. Talaga Bodas
-
-
75
120
80
-
275
Total
125
425
620
1045
Source: Department of Water Resources and Mining Garut Regency

Darajat geothermal project began in 1984 when signing Amoseas Join Operation Contract (Joc) with Pertamina and Energy Sales Contract (ESC) with PLN to build geothermal resources in Garut West Java. Until now, there are three units of Darajat geothermal energy, as follows:
 
1
Darajat Unit I
 
 
Operated by
PT. Indonesia Power
 
Generator Capasity
55 MW
 
Pressure turbine
10 Bara
 
Specific Steam Consumption
1.84 kg/s/MWe
2
Darajat Unit II
 
 
Operated by
CTEI
 
Generator Capasity
90 MW
 
Pressure turbine
13.8 Bara
 
Specific Steam Consumption
1.69 kg/s/MWe
3
Darajat Unit III
 
 
Operated by
CTIE
 
Generator Capacity
110 MW

""

Water Resources Energy

Potential development of energy resources, among others, the river water is available in Cibatarua district Pamulihan, Cirompang district Bungbulang and Cimerak district Cibalong with a capacity of 19.57 kW, 277.5 kW.

Potential Development of Water Resources Energy

No
Location
District
River
Capacity
Requirements
Technical Data
Debit
Water fall
 Bearer channel
 
(Gross head)
(head race)
1
Bojong Boled,Desa Garumukti
Pamulihan
Cibatarua
277,5
65
2 m3 /detik
22,5 m
8 m
2
Curug Karihkil, DusunHanjawarak, Desa Mekar Bakti
Bungbulang
Cirompang
19,57 kW
107 rmh
0,4 m3/detik
8,3 m
± 80 m
3
Curug Lengkong, DusunLengkong,
Desa Sagara
Cibalong
Cimerak
32,91 kW
216 rmh
0,35 m3 /detik
16,2 m
675 m
4
Ciangkrong, Desa Garumukti
Pamulihan
Cibatarua
232 kW
60 rmh
2 m3 /detik
19 m
10 m
5
Leuwi Mobil, Desa Mekar Bakti
Bungbulang
Cirompang
25,65 kW
170 rmh
0,75 m3 /detik
6 m
162
6
Kombongan, Desa Pakenjeng
Pamulihan
Cibatarua
157,83 kW
165 rmh
0,5 m3 /detik
51 m
16,7 m
Source: Mining and Energy West Java Province
Press the left or right key of keyboard to move one article to the others