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Minggu, 25 Juni 2017   Indonesia | Sunda
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 Environment

Regions and Biodiversity Conservation
CA and TWA Talaga Bodas
  General Description : Telaga Bodas forest area defined as a Nature Reserve based on the date Gb 12-3-1935 number: 17 Stbl 104 with a 285 Ha. Next on 15-2-1978 under the Ministry of Agriculture Decree Number 98/Kpts/Um/2/1978 part of the Nature Reserves of 23.85 Ha Telaga Bodas changed its status to become Nature Park (TWA), so that the broad nature preserve only a 261.15 Ha. This region located in Wanaraja District of Garut Regency and some areas including the Tasikmalaya regency.
Park Natural Area and Nature Reserve Talaga Bodas located in the hilly topography that has a wave with the slope angle between 30% to 70%. Height of the 1700 meters above sea level. According to the classification of Schmidt and Ferguson, this location has type C climate with rainfall average 2473 mm per year.

  Flora : In this area among others, found Puspa (Schima walichii), Saninten (Castanea argentea), Post (Quercus platycorpa), Suagi (Vaccinium varingifolium), Manglid (Magnolia sp) etc..


Fauna : Animal life in the wild area is macan kumbang (Panthera pardus), long tail monkey(Macaca fascicularis), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), trenggiling (Manis javanicus), squirrel (Callaciurus notatus), bird kadanca (Ducula sp), birds swallow (Collocalia vulvonorum), quail (Tumix suscitator), bird saeran (Discusrus macrocaspus) and others.
CA dan TWA Papandayan
 
General Description : Mountain Region forest Papandayan defined as a Nature Reserve based on the GB. Date 14-2-1924 number: 36 Stbl. 43, covering 884 Ha. And then on the date of 5-10-1978 through a decree from the Minister of Agriculture Number: 610 / Kpts/Um/10/1978, some area of 221 ha converted to Natural Park. Based on the Minister of Agriculture Decree No.: 68/Kpts/Um/l/79 of 22 - 1 - 1979 preserve natural areas to be expanded so that the 6000 Ha. Then on the basis of a decree from the Minister of Forestry Number: 226/Kpts11/1990 dated 8-5-1990, Papandayan Mountain Nature Reserve is set to be around 6807 Ha and the Nature Park area of 225 Ha.

The state of the field in general has a steep topography, hilly and mountainous and the steep cliffs. According to the classification of Schmidt and Ferguson's climate, this area has type B climate with rainfall average 3000 mm per year, the air humidity ranged between 70 - 80%, and temperatures average 10 C degree
  Flora: Flora is located generally dominated by Suagi tree (Vaccinium valium) and Edelweis (Anaphalis javanica), whereas other forms of vegetation is Puspa (Schima walichii), Saninten (Castanopsis argentea), Kihujan (Engelhardia spicata), Jamuju (Podocaspus imbricatus), Place (Quercus sp), Manglid (Magnolia glauca)

Fauna : The animals are forest pig (Sus vitatus), trenggiling (Manis javanica), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), mongkey/lutung (Trachypitecus auratus) and several types of birds such as: Walik (Treron griccipilla), Kutilang (Pycononotus aurigaste) and Other

CA Kamojang
 
General Description : Based on a decree from the Ministry of Agriculture Tax: 170/Kpts/Um/3/1979, dated 13-3-1979 mountainous forest area of 8000 ha was appointed as a Nature Reserve covers 7,500 ha and the Nature Park area of 500 Ha. Then, with the Minister of Forestry Decree Number: 110/Kpts-11/90 dated 14 March 1990, CA and TWA Kamojang specified area of 8286 Ha (CA 7805 Ha). According to the administration of conservation areas Kamojang located in two areas, namely: the Village, including area Cibeet, Paseh District, Bandung District and the Village area including Randukurung, Samarang District, Garut Regency.

The state of the field in general topography with wave height of the place between 500 - 1000 meters above sea level. According to the classification of Schmidt and Ferguson, this area has type B climate with average rainfall per year from 2500 to 3000 mm.

  Flora: Vegetative Nature Reserve and Nature Park Kamojang types including tropical rain forest with mountain, its flora consists of the types of tree, liana and epiphyte. The types of trees that are there are many: Jamuju (Podocarpus imbricatus), Puspa (Schima walichii), Saninten (Castanopsis tungurut), Post (Quercus sp) and others. While the type of vegetation dominated by species under Cantigi (Vaccinium sp) and the type and liana epiphyt is Rotan (Calamus sp), Seuseureuhan (Piper aduncum), Pungpurutan (Urena lobata), Hangosa (Amoemun dealatum), Kandaka (Dryanaria sp), parasite ( Diplazium esculenteum) and Red Meranti (Shorea sp) and others.

Fauna: Animal in the region, including: forest pig (Sus vitatus), Kijang (Muntiacus muntjak), Macan spotted (Panthera pardus), wolf (Paradoxurus hertnaproditus), Trenggiling (Manis javanicus), Surili (Presbytis comata), Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus), forest Chicken (Gallus guilus), grouse (Anas sp), Birds heron (Egretta sp) and others. There are also several species of fish living in rivers.
CA Leuweung Sancang (Sancang Forest)
  General Description : Sancang forest area defined as a reserve area of 2157 Ha. Based on the decision letter the Minister of Agriculture, Tax 370/Kpts/Um/6 / 1978 of 9 June 1978. There is a coral reef with the condition is still good enough to be in coastal waters CA. Leuweung Sancang, based on the then Minister of Forestry Decree Number: 682/Kpts-11/90 on 17 November 1990, the coastal area of 1150 ha is designated as a Nature Reserve Sea Sancang. Forest area that tedetak Nature Reserve in the south coast, including in regional areas, namely: the Village Sancang, sagara, Karyamukti and Cibalong District, Garut Regency.

In general, the topographic region Sancang Nature Reserve is a combination of plains and sloping hills. Towards the south and west is generally sloping to the east and hilly. Where the height between 0 - 175 meters above sea level and the slope ranges from 5% to 20%. The state of the climate in the area according to the classification of Schmidt and Ferguson, including type B climate with the wet type is the value of Q (Quontient) of 24.19% where Q is the percentage difference between the average number of dry months with the average number of wet days.


           
Fauna : Animal life in the wild area is Bull (Bos sondaicus), Deer (Cervus timorensis), Merak (Pavo muticus), Bird Julang (Aceros undulatus), spotted Macan (Panthera pardus) dll.
 
Flora : The type of flora that are in this area are: Pahlalar (Dipterocaipus sp), which is a tree that is the only one on the island of Java from the family Dipterocarpaceae, Kaboa (Aegiceras Corniculata), which is typical of plants in Sancang, Warejit (Excoecoria ocha) is the tree that contain toxic and dangerous for people. Herbaceous (Gramineceae) and others.
CA Laut Sancang(Sancang Sea)
  General Description : Sea Sancang Nature Reserve has been set according to the Minister of Forestry Decree Number: 682/Kpts-11/90, dated 17 November 1990, with a 1150 Ha, aft of the creek until Cimerak outfall Cikaengang.
Potential Biotik Region : Most of the basic coastal coral dominated  by seagrass species Cymodocea sp. Type coral fauna that are found, among others: Spongiasp., Leptosens sp., Favia sp., Goniopora sp. Types of invertebrates were found, namely Ophionereis sp. And ornamental fish that can be found, among others: Chaetodon sp. dan Labroides sp and Labroides sp
TWA Gunung Guntur (Guntur Mount)
  Conservation Area Nature Park Mount Guntur in Garut area includes land / mountain. Wide area covering 250 ha in accordance with the Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number: 274/Kpts-II/1999 on 7 May 1999. The administration of TWA Mountain is located in Guntur District Tarogong Garut Regency West Java Province.
Conservation area, this is an overlay topography with steep wave to the height of 2249 m above sea level, consisting of rock and soil volcanic. Surface layer is mostly rock and sand, in some places can be seen in the layer of soil depth is 2 to 4 meters.
  Flora : Flora is located at Kawasan Nature Park Mount Guntur Garut from various levels of tree, herb, perdu, plant down, liana, nails, and epipit. Almost 70% of the Nature Park area (TWA) Mount Guntur Garut is covered by secondary forest dominated standing forest and scrub. Type of flora that are Pinus, Kaliandra, Kaso, and Kasongket Alang - alang.

Fauna : Some animals can be found in the conservation area, TWA Guntur Garut of mammals, among others: a wolf, Pigs Forest, squirrel (squirrel), and various birds.
     

Source: BKSDA Region 2 West Java
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